The EPA lists PERFORMACIDE® as a registered disinfectant that meets the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) criteria for use against the Ebola virus. PERFORMACIDE® is a unique chlorine dioxide generator and delivery system. Chlorine dioxide is a potent virucide.
2013 (December)
The EPA registers PERFORMACIDE®, a novel chlorine dioxide generator and delivery system, as a disinfectant / sanitizer / tuberculocide / virucide* / fungicide / algaecide / slimicide / deodorizer.
Chlorine dioxide is used to eradicate mold and mildew from homes flooded by Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, Louisiana. Chlorine dioxide can penetrate biofilms to effectively disintegrate them.
Chlorine dioxide is one of the decontamination agents used by the United States government against the Anthrax attacks of 2001. The Anthrax attacks are a ghastly example of bioterrorism. The spores of a bacterium Bacillus anthracis are used, which can cause the life-threatening disease ‘anthrax’ in victims. The choice of chlorine dioxide is due to its established sporicidal and sterilizing properties.
Use of chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant, sanitizer and sterilizer grows across many industries and countries. Some of the industries are the beverage industry, fruit and vegetable processing plants, pulp and paper industries, and industrial waste treatment sites. These industries are spread across the United States, the United Kingdom and Europe.
The EPA registers chlorine dioxide in the gaseous form (produced from sodium chlorite) for use in sterilization. Indicated uses include sterilizing manufacturing and laboratory equipment, environmental surfaces, and rooms.
The EPA recommends chlorine dioxide as a solution to trihalomethanes (THMs). When chlorine is used to disinfect water and make it potable (chlorination), THMs are produced as a by-product. THMs have been linked to cancer (i.e., they are carcinogenic). Chlorine dioxide does not produce THMs.
Hundreds of municipal water systems successfully convert to chlorine dioxide. This happens across the United States and Europe; more so for the latter. The conversion is catalyzed by a safer environmental profile of chlorine dioxide over chlorine.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the United States first registers chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant and sanitizer. The registration is for chlorine dioxide in the liquid form. Indicated uses include food processing, handling and storage plants, bottling plants, washing fruit and vegetables, sanitizing water, controlling odors, and treating medical wastes.
Brussels, Belgium, switches to chlorine dioxide from chlorine for its drinking water disinfection operations. This marks the first large scale use of chlorine dioxide for potable water treatment.
Chlorine dioxide is used for the first time to solve taste and odor issues in a water treatment plant at Niagara Falls, New York. The objective is to get rid of phenols in water.
Chlorine dioxide is discovered by Sir Humphrey Davy, when he adds sulfuric acid (H2SO4) to potassium chlorate (KClO3).